Category Archives: floods

224 Million People Left Undernourished In Africa Due To Climate Change

Around 224 million people in Africa are suffering from undernourishment or malnutrition due to climate change and the conflicts that are associated with it. Conflicts that are associated with climate change have increased the level of food insecurity in Africa, an official in the UN food agency stated this in a statement on Monday.

Furthermore, the UN food agency through its official issued a warning that climate change and its conflicts will lead to more food insecurity for millions of people living in Africa.


The official from the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) spoke at a conference on Africa, and during this conference, the official stated that the current crises are a “cause of concern” due to the fact that the population of the continent is increasing and it is expected to attain 1.7 billion by 2030.

Bukar Tijani, an FAO’s assistant director-general for Africa, said “Malnutrition has widely increased from about 21% to approximately 23% between 2015 and 2016” at the regional conference that occurred in Khartoum. He also said, “During the same period, the level of malnutrition rose from 200 million to 224 million in Africa. This is becoming a big concern for all of us.”

The effects of climate change and the conflicts associated with it across the continents have caused lots of havoc on lives and properties. Nevertheless, the increase in undernourishment and food insecurity is associated with the effects of climate change and natural disasters, Bukar Tijani later stated this to AFP.

“This is very strongly associated with climate change. We had floods and droughts and we also had crop failures” he also stated.

Tijani said that crises in Somalia, South Sudan, and the Central African Republic further increased the level of food insecurities. “When you take a look at these crises, you will notice that it has brought bigger challenges to people due to the fact that even when there is the availability of food, it is not affordable and cannot be reached in these places that are affected with conflicts.”

However, it is important to note that the UN officials have stated a warning that the increase in the level of food insecurity in Africa is displacing lots of people; this is due to the increased need of food which is the main cause of conflicts in certain regions like South Sudan.

More than a million people that reside in Sudan have become refugees and have migrated to other places as they flee from violence in the world’s youngest country that was formed in 2011.

On a positive note, Bukar Tijani stated that Africa’s economy is on the rise and that the continent is taking adequate measures to decrease the level of food insecurity. However, he has also stated that Africa has improved the food and agricultural market and it is estimated that this provision is expected to reach one trillion dollars by 2030.

Furthermore, the report stated in 2017 by FAO showed that, after many years of failure and deterioration, hunger is on the increase again and it has worsened in some parts of Africa such as sub-Saharan Africa, South Eastern, and Western Asia. The residents of these areas are suffering from hunger and malnutrition; this has called for lots of attention from other governments to tackle climate change and its effects to make the world a better place to live in.

Citing the occurrence of the effects of climate change in these areas, Leah Samberg, who is a postdoctoral research associate with the Global Landscapes Initiatives, stated from a study: “in this time, these regions are witnessing increased powerful storms, more frequent and persistent drought, and more variable rainfall which is linked with climate change that affects every part of the world today.”

However, it is also necessary to note that these happenings are not unconnected to each other. Most importantly, countries that have been affected by severe conflicts are more vulnerable to disasters that are related to climate change, and also crop and livestock failure due to the fact that climate change can offer social and economic unrest.

Nevertheless, as a result of climate change, several food commodities have risen in its price, thus, making it difficult for people in Africa to purchase. Poor South Africans interviewed for a recent report stated that there spend about 50% of their income on food, and have little to spare for other areas of their lives such as clothing, education, etc.

Climate change is a global threat and not in Africa alone. The effects of hunger are numerous, and thus, it also strips people off their dignity and perpetuates inequality. With these in mind, the need for other governments, individuals, and continents to come together in fighting against climate change is vital so as to save the planet that we all live in.


Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since 2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics. He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment around him.

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2017 was the Hottest Year Without an El Niño : UN

The United Nations declared last Thursday that 2017 was the hottest year without an El Niño (i.e. an invasion of warm water into the Pacific ocean’s surface, off the coast of Peru and Ecuador, every 4 to 7 years; and usually affects both local and regional climate). The UN report was based on a consolidated analysis by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) of five leading international datasets.

It was said that of all the 18 hottest years experienced in the world, 17 of them were experienced this century. This may be attributed to the rising industrial civilization and the accompanying emission of greenhouse gases. The average surface temperature of the Earth due to these gases last year was about 1.1°C more than the usual average surface temperature.


This figure is in line with the “1.5°C” barrier placed by the 2015 Paris climate agreement, to avoid dangerous climate conditions. President Donald Trump’s administration seems to be a threat to the Paris climate agreement. Seeing he stands for anti-environmental policies: publicly denies climate change and wants to promote the use of fossil fuels in the US, plans to invalidate the Clean Power Plan that limits power plant emissions and intends to withdraw the U.S. from the landmark climate accord.

On a normal scale, Earth’s global surface temperatures in 2017 ranked as the second warmest, since it became possible to have global estimates in 1880, according to a NASA analysis. Global temperatures in 2016 were the highest recorded so far; but this was influenced by El Niño, which is considered the warm phase of El Niño Southern Oscillation. Thus, without an El Niño event in 2016, 2017 would be the warmest year ever recorded, (NASA).

While the Earth warmed all over, weather dynamics do affect regional weather patterns. Therefore, various locations experience different amounts of warming. GISS Director, Gavin Schmidt, said to NASA, “Despite colder than average temperatures in any one part of the world, temperatures over the planet as a whole continue the rapid warming trend we’ve seen over the last 40 years.” The Arctic regions (which continued to experience a loss of sea ice in 2017) experience the strongest warming trends in the world, about two times the normal rate.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) scientists gathered a separate, independent analysis that shows a strong agreement with NASA’s report. However, the report concluded that 2017 was the third warmest year in their record. NASA (National aeronautics and space administration) and NOAA use different methods to analyze global temperatures, which played a role in the minor difference in rankings.

Both reports agreed that the five warmest years on record have all taken place since 2010. However, the two reports claim differently that 2017 was the second and third hottest year respectively. The NASA report reads: “NOAA scientists used much of the same raw temperature data, but with a different baseline period, and different methods to analyze Earth’s polar regions and global temperatures.”

Taalas expressed that the warmth in 2017 was accompanied by extreme weather conditions in many countries around the world.

“The United States of America had its most expensive year ever in terms of weather and climate disasters, whilst other countries saw their development slowed or reversed by tropical cyclones, floods and drought,” he said. NOAA noted earlier this month that weather and climate-related disasters cost a whooping $306 billion in 2017.

The NOAA agency listed several noteworthy events, including the wildfires in the west, with total costs of $18 billion, tripling the previous U.S. annual wildfire cost record. This year, the string of devastating hurricanes were also very expensive. Hurricane Harvey costs about $125 billion. Hurricanes Maria and Irma had total costs of $90 billion and $50 billion, respectively.

NASA scientists use measurements from 6,300 weather stations to track global temperatures. These stations include — Antarctic research stations; and ship- and buoy-based observations of sea-surface temperatures.

These raw measurements are analyzed using an algorithm that considers interference that could skew the conclusions. The global average temperature is deduced from these calculations, from deviations from the baseline period of 1951 to 1980, according to NASA. As weather stations keep changing locations, and methods of measurement keep evolving, there are uncertainties in the specific annual interpretations of the global mean temperature.

Therefore, NASA estimates that 2017’s global mean temperature change is accurate within 0.1°F, with a 95 percent confidence level. NASA is the agency that sets the 2017 temperature data and the complete methodology used to make the temperature calculations. Hence, the report obtained from them as to 2017 being the hottest year without an El Niño, is very reliable.




Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since 2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics. He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment around him.

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