Category Archives: greenhouse gases

11 Airlines That Offer Carbon Offset Programs


When it comes to the discussions about pollution and emission of greenhouse gases, the airplanes are the largest contributors. They produce so much carbon during each travel, but due to their efficiency and swiftness they remain a preferred mode of travel. As a consequence, most people would not give up the travel using planes.

Regardless, instead of avoiding planes one can opt to use airlines that offer carbon offset programs. There are carbon calculators that calculate the amount of carbon footprint left per travel and it also calculates the cost of offsetting. On this basis, customers are allowed by most airlines to voluntarily pay the costs. The following is a list of 11 airlines that offer carbon offsetting programs.

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1. The Emirates

According to the Emirates website, the Emirates airline does not believe in passing on the responsibility of minimizing emissions to the customers but rather they do it themselves. Therefore, they believe in the principle that the emitter should pay the price. Emirates has one of the quickest, most modern low emission fleets in the world. Their age in average is 6 years as compared to that of the globe which is 14 years.

In order to reduce their carbon footprint and the negative impact that flying a plane has on the environment, the emirates has spent billions of dollars in low emission aircrafts that are efficient. Additionally, the program is backed up by other on ground projects such as recycling and waste minimization processes, water efficiency projects and investment in conservation based tourism developments for example the Wolgan Valley Resort in Australia and UAE’s Dubai Desert Conservation Reserve.

2. Qantas

Being one of Australia’s largest international and domestic airlines, Qantas is at the forefront in reducing their carbon emission through various programs and projects. Qantas has been certified carbon neutral under the NCOS Carbon Neutral Program since the year 2007. Qantas has been ranked the largest carbon off setter in world with over 2.5 million tons of carbon emission.

It provides customers with the opportunity to offset the carbon footprint left by the airline and all the funds are passed on to the relevant projects without it profiting the airline. The carbon offset projects have invested in both social and environmental projects including empowering rainforest communities in Papua New Guinea, supporting North Kimberly Fire Abatement Project in order to reinvigorate traditions that are indigenous, and protecting wilderness areas such as Tasmanian forest which consists of 7000 hectares of land.

3. Virgin Australia

Virgin Australia seeks to minimize environmental impacts caused by their operational activities, therefore pushing them to implement initiatives that help reduce carbon emission. Virgin Australia has a fleet of young planes that are efficient on fuel; the 777 aircraft, ATR 72s, Boeing 737 and Airbus A330s. The airline has also invested in reducing the aircraft weight, supporting the growth of sustainable aviation biofuel and enhanced flight planning through their technological and operational initiatives. Virgin Australia launched its carbon offset program in 2007 being the first airline to get government certification when it came to carbon offset programs.

Virgin Australia also passes the emission costs down to willing customers who can pay an offset cost while booking a flight. The money collected is then entirely used on carbon offset initiatives that have social, environmental and economic benefits. The Tasman Land Conservancy project is one of the initiatives which aim at protecting biodiversity, invest in scientific research, and the protection of rare species.

4. Delta Airlines

Delta Airlines has been investing in carbon offset in order to promote carbon neutrality in both domestic and international flights since 2012. Delta Airlines has invested in fuel efficiency, electric powered tugs, and the exploration of carbon markets to accomplish their goal of carbon neutrality. Further, they have ensured their carbon emissions do not reach 2012 levels. It offers customers the chance to offset the carbon emission caused by their flight through donations made to their carbon neutrality initiative and environmental projects.

They then work with environmental conservancies to ensure the funds are well invested in environmental protection initiatives that reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. In order to make calculation of the carbon offsetting costs easier, the airline provides a flight carbon calculator. Each year the airline gives a Corporate Responsibility Report that gives a review of their initiatives.

5. British Airways

British Airways recognizes that in the activities they carry out, they impact the environment negatively since they emit carbon which leaves carbon footprint. Hence, they have set out initiatives that are meant to ensure that they neutralize that effect. British Airways gives its customers a chance to willingly pay for their carbon emission costs and the money is used in funding environmentally friendly initiatives. The airline believes in the reaching the target of carbon neutrality by the 2020 and reducing its net emission by 50% by the year 2050.

The funds raised by the British Airways goes into waste minimization through increased recycling and reusing and reduced disposal eventually improving the efficiency of resources. Also, they have taken part in community investment programs working with over 120 communities and conservation agencies worldwide. British Airways also has an extensive environmental education program, which aims at children and young people at their community learning centers.

6. Jetstar

Jetstar was certified carbon neutral under the NCOS Carbon Neutral Program in 1st July 2010 for its carbon neutral flight option. It allows customers the opportunity to pay for the cost of carbon emission caused by the flight. The funds collected by the airline goes into environmental conservation initiatives that contribute to the carbon offset program.

They also fund environmental and community programs that protect endangered species in Australia as well as improve educational programs in developing countries. They also hope to reduce the weight of their airplanes as well as the fuel efficiency. Jetstar is one of Qantas’s low cost airline carrier and it flies to about 85 destinations and it is committed to offering their carbon neutral program. Jetstar airlines hope to reach carbon neutrality in the near future and also significantly reduce its carbon emission.

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7. Air New Zealand

Air New Zealand is an environmentally friendly airline that is concerned with making sure that it neutralizes the effects of its operational activities. It has set up carbon offset programs that allows it carry this out. Additionally, Air New Zealand allows its customers to take part in the carbon offset program by voluntarily paying for the costs of carbon offsetting. They provide a carbon offset calculator in case a customer needs to calculate the cost of offsetting.

The money received has been used to setup New Zealand Environmental Trust fund which aims at supporting small projects within its geographical area, for example, Mangarara Station in Hawke’s Baye where they have planted close to 85000 trees. The New Zealand Airline hopes to keep the carbon offsetting program up and eventually reduce the general emission by more than half.

8. United Airlines

The United Airlines understand the grave impact emission of carbon has on the environment and so they are committed to making sure they neutralize the effect caused by their flights. A customer travelling on their airplanes is given the opportunity to choose whether or not he or she is willing to pay for the carbon offset. Each flight has a carbon calculator that calculates the carbon footprint per travel and allows one to also calculate the cost.

Plus, the airways has gone ahead to implement changes on its aircraft like, for example, reducing fuel efficiency through technological improvements. It also uses advanced environmentally friendly and cost efficient fuel. The money raised for offsetting has been used for forest conservation in California, development of renewable energy in Texas, and in community based conservation in Peru.

9. Air Canada

Air Canada is also among the airlines that choose to ensure their flights play a major role in carbon offsetting. They offer their passengers the opportunity to take part in carbon offsetting through paying of cost calculated by a carbon calculator during each travel. They money they get is used entirely for environmental protection and conservation.

10. JetBlue Airways

JetBlue, which is one of American low cost income airline, has also taken into account the initiative of carbon offsetting program. The airline allows its customers to contribute to the offsetting program in order to reach carbon neutrality. The funds are used to improve the environment and the natural resources in it to neutralize the carbon footprint left by the airline. The funds obtained from the carbon offset programs are also used to preserve various tourist destinations.

11. Gulf Air

The Gulf Air Airways is also a contributor when it comes to carbon offsetting. They provide their customers with the chance to take part in carbon offsetting by paying a price during each flight. The funds are then used to make investments in offsetting programs that save the world from the carbon emissions by the airways.

Image credit: adege , Holgi

Rinkesh

Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since 2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics. He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment around him.

Latest posts by Rinkesh (see all)

Effects and Solutions to Reduce Impact of Air Travel on the Environment


Flying is indeed bad for the planet because it contributes to global warming, pollution, and leaves a huge carbon footprint. Airplanes run on kerosene fuel, which when combusted, releases large amount of carbon dioxide and other gases into the atmosphere. Even though aviation is not a large industry, it has large impact on the climate system.

The aviation industry is one of the fastest-growing sources of carbon gases in the atmosphere. Airplanes are important to the economy in various ways such as imports, exports, tourism and business. But the importance of the industry comes with adverse effects, which continue to affect the climate with little or nothing to do because of how the industry is tremendously growing and there being no alternative to kerosene as fuel.

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What’s more, the amount of carbon footprint left on the planet by a single flight is a huge contributor of global warming. And to make matters even worse, the increased use of airplanes in travel due to its efficiency and the fact that it helps travelers save time does not make it any better. The high rate of combustion of the fuel increases the amount of carbon emission, which directly affects the erosion of the ozone layer and therefore leading to global warming.

Effects of Air Travel on the Environment

1. Emission of Greenhouse Gases

Aircraft engines combust fuel to emit carbon dioxide, water vapor, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and soot. Nitrogen oxides emitted by aircrafts contributes to global warming and is a pollutant in the lower atmosphere whereas it destroys the stratospheric ozone layer in the high altitudes. The impact of carbons released by airplanes is no small issue considering that the emissions are realized at a higher altitude and faster.

Emissions at higher altitudes pose a greater danger because they trigger a series of chemical reactions and atmospheric effects cover wider areas. It is even recorded that travelling by air has a greater environmental impact per kilometer as compared to other forms of transport such as driving. Even as other industries receive significant improvements on emission levels; that of aviation industry stagnates.

2. Noise Pollution

Noise as a result of the aviation industry can be regarded as debatable. This is because noise produced by aero planes is short-lived. However, to those residing or those near airports are affected hugely by the noise.

Some of the adverse effects that these people face include sleeping disturbances, performance effects, and interference with communication along with cardiovascular and psycho-psychological effects. Noise of an aircraft is the responsibility of the airport operator and he or she should then ensure proper mechanisms to set, monitor and ensure noise insulation schemes are in operation.

3. Contrails Leading to Global Warming

Contrails, water vapor, released by air planes forming condensation trails, trap heat that would otherwise be released from the earth. This brings about global warming. According to studies, night flights cause global warming more compared to day flights because contrails help in reflecting sunlight during the day.

The contrails in the sky condense at higher altitudes and can spread up to two kilometers from where they have been realized. They tend to trap heat that would otherwise be dispensed from the earth, greatly contributing to global warming.

Solutions to Reduce Impact of Air Travel on the Environment

1. Setting up of Regulations

As a solution to environmental degradation as a result of air travel, regulation of the industry is needed. International Civil Authority (ICAO) in 2016 proposed the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) which gives airlines restriction on carbon emissions. If the limit is exceeded, then airlines will buy offsets from other sectors.

This however did not perform as expected proving to the complexity of regulating airlines therefore leaving the responsibility of regulating amount of carbon emissions to Kyoto Protocol whose responsibility is limited to domestic flights. The issue of regulating the aviation industry should therefore be treated as other transport policy and its consistency maintained so as to protect the climate. In order for regulations and policies to take place, international cooperation should be enhanced to achieve its efficiency.

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2. Use of Technology

To deal with the problem of climate impact by the aviation industry, technology can be used in design and systems of planes to make them more efficient. A breakthrough in use of another type of fuel that is greener, like biofuels, hydrogen, solar panels and batteries, could save the world from the degradation of the environment by aircraft engines running on kerosene.

However, the rate at which this progress is made cannot be compared to the rate at which number of passengers are buying tickets. Also, the fact that aircraft have to carry their own fuel is one that should be dealt with and have such engineering problems looked into and a solution is reached.

3. Carbon Offsetting Programs

Charging the amount of greenhouses emitted into the air by aircraft could go a long way in discouraging pollution. These charges should be made payable by airlines for every ton of greenhouses emitted. Like other transport operators, it obliges airlines to pay for the pollution they cause thereby limiting them to lower amounts of emission because it comes at a price.

In addition to emission costs, the government can also add environmental and social costs. Most airplanes have embraced this and have been coming up with projects that help offset their carbon footprints. There is a mechanism that helps in the calculation of the amount of carbon footprint created by a flight and the money generated in offsetting allows the airplane companies to start projects that protect the environment.

4. Using Alternative Means

One of the most effective ways to reduce amount of carbon footprint is by flying less often. This means in the case where other forms transport are available, it is not a must for an individual to fly. Instead, driving or taking the train to the destination as preference for majority of the people would mean airlines burn less fuel. Taking holidays that are not so far away could also help in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

5. Use of Computer Programs to Reduce Noise Pollution

As a means of preventing noise pollution by airports to its neighborhoods, computer programs can be used to simulate aircraft operations to identify areas that are prone to such disturbances. Virtually predicting the extent of noise levels using the International Noise Model can be used to address the issue. The model is widely used to come up with aircraft noise footprints for a certain number of aircrafts at average weather conditions.

6. Optimization of Flight Routes

In a bid to protect the climate, optimizing flight routes can reduce negative effects of flying. Having a flight plan that avoids weather conditions, which results in the creation of clouds is among the best strategies. By limiting the formation of clouds, it aids in release of earth’s radiation into space resulting in a cooling effect. With proper formulation of routes, climate protection by aircrafts can be achieved. Plus, airlines with routes that pollute less can be charged less money for pollution certificates.

7. Invention of Alternative Energy Sources

Aircraft engines unlike other engines have no other greener alternative such as the use of solar or other renewable energy. Technological advancement in the sector might lead to electric planes that emit less and are more fuel-efficient. However, the sector remains negligent to matters of the environment.

For instance, most airline websites mention little about environmental protection or have completely nothing to do with the environment. Also, NGOs that deal with the environment are reluctant on the matter. Such negligence can be attributed to huge concentration on profits earned by airlines that has seen the industry continue to grow irrespective of how bad flying is for the planet.

Image credit: pexels , pixabay

Rinkesh

Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since 2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics. He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment around him.

Latest posts by Rinkesh (see all)

4 Smart Ways to Recycle Food Waste


The UN Food and the Agriculture Organization claim that each year nearly 1.3 billion tonnes of food is wasted across the globe. Food wastage occurs at the various levels of the food system, namely farming, processing, transporting, retailing, cooking, and consuming.

When this waste food gets to the landfills, the massive layers of organic waste decompose and produce greenhouse gases (GHG) such as methane that is 21 times more potent than carbon dioxide as a heat-trapping gas.

food-waste

By diverting food waste away from the landfills we can reduce our carbon footprint, capture the renewable energy, and restore the essential nutrients back to the soil. Food waste is recyclable and hence must be used smartly in order to trim down the greenhouse emissions that come from landfills.

Here are four effective and environment-friendly ways to recycle food waste, reducing the cost and the pollution that is generated when the organic waste is hauled and disposed of.

1. Compost the Kitchen and Garden Scrap

According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, almost 90 percent of garbage thrown away by households, cafeterias, and supermarkets is composed of recyclable food scrap. Moreover, a typical household generates nearly 474 pounds of food waste each year. When this organic waste is sent to landfills or the oceans, they not only consume space, but also release methane, adding to the greenhouse emissions.

Composting is one of the most undemanding and eco-friendly ways to recycle your food waste. Several cities have regular pickup vehicles that collect waste food, dried leaves, grass clippings, and organic yard waste to the recycling centers.

If your neighborhood or workplace has a common composting facility, diverting your domestic food waste there may be a good choice. Talk to your local waste hauler or recycling coordinator and understand the local composting facility regulations. For instance, composting facilities in Ohio accept food waste that is classified as per the Division of Materials and Waste Management (DMWM).

You may also consider starting your own onsite composting project that uses the following types of wastes.

  1. Greens – Grass clippings, vegetable waste, fruit scraps, weeds, and coffee grounds and filters
  2. Food Leftovers – Eggshells, tea bags, and nut shells
  3. Browns – Dead leaves, wood chips, twigs, and fireplace ash
  4. Recyclable Packaging Material – Shredded newspaper, cardboard, and paper

Place your compost pile or the bin in a dry shady spot in your backyard and make sure it’s close to a source of water. Add the above-mentioned waste materials as and when they are collected and moisten them on a regular basis.

When the mixture decomposes and attains a dry, dark, and crumbly texture, it can be used to feed your kitchen garden vegetables or enrich your flower beds. In order to avoid odors and pests, avoid adding meat or high-fat waste, keep the system adequately aerated, and regularly mix the material in the compost bin.

Worms, namely earthworms and red wigglers can also be used for composting (vermiculture). These worms feed on the organic material and produce high-quality nitrogen-rich compost called castings.

If you live in an apartment and have limited space, you can set up a compost bin indoors, enabling you to convert your food scraps into nutrient-rich compost.

2. Donate Waste for Animal Feed

The United Nations estimates that if farmers and livestock owners fed their animals on the legally-permissible food waste, enough grain would be liberated to feed an extra three billion people worldwide. In fact, diverting leftover food to feed animals is placed in the third tier of the EPA’s Food Recovery Hierarchy, making it a safe and effective strategy for recycling food waste.

Every state has separate regulations with respect to donating food scraps for animals. For instance, a few states in the United States ban meat-and-dairy and high-salt products for animal feed as they can harm animals. Get in touch with your local waste recycler to determine the types of food scrap you can donate to a farm or a zoo.

Look for avid gardeners, farmers, and livestock owners in your neighborhood or at a local market and check if you can donate waste food that they can be used as animal feed or for composting.

Several recycling firms, namely Organix Recycling and Eco Food Recycling are coming up with swift and innovative ways to recycle waste fruits, vegetables, and bakery scrap from grocery stores and households to produce a nutritious animal feed. These recycling firms offer planned food waste collecting services for communities and individual houses based their requirements. Partnering with these firms will divert food waste from landfills, reduce your carbon footprint, and help you stay on the path towards zero waste.

3. Convert Food Scrap into Biogas

Over one-third of the food produced across the globe is either discarded or wasted. This food waste holds a huge untapped potential for generating energy, commonly referred to as waste-to-energy systems (WTE).

Anaerobic digestion uses microorganisms to degrade the organic matter in the food waste to produce methane, that can be used to generate electricity, fuel for transportation, and heat.

Biogas is a renewable and sustainable source of energy developed from organic matter such as waste residues of vegetables and fruits, scrap timber, and forest debris. Researchers have found an innovative way to capture all the energy trapped in the organic food waste, leaving behind very little waste for landfills and oceans. In this process, the waste is incinerated to produce a crude liquid that can be converted into biofuel. The residue is then treated to produce methane, that can be used as a source of electricity and heat.

A new facility in Colorado, namely the Heartland Biogas Project collects scrap food from the state and uses anaerobic digestion to convert waste into energy. Similarly, a French startup Waga Energy recently installed a food waste treatment plant in Saint-Maximin that is capable of converting household waste into biomethane, supplying energy to nearly three thousand households in the French territory.

4. Reuse the Food Packaging Material

Restaurants, grocery stores, and other food-service establishments generate a significant amount of food packaging material that is often wasted. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, food containers alone contribute to more than 23 percent of the total material reaching the landfills in the United States.

Though getting rid of packaging material isn’t feasible for all kinds of food items, reusing or recycling strategies can divert them from the landfills, considerably reducing the toxic emissions.

The food packaging material, namely wrappers, cartons, and containers can be sent to recycling firms in order to produce useful paper products, namely corrugated cardboard, egg trays, magazines, and newspapers.

For instance, egg tray manufacturers recycle the waste cartons and the paper bags for making the paper pulp that is molded into the desired shape. Following the egg tray drying and hot press processes, the egg cartons can be reused for packing high volumes of eggs, cushioning them during transportation.

Similarly, an Italian design company, WhoMade has come up with an innovative solution to tackle food scrap. The firm has introduced biodegradable disposable plates made from food waste such as groundnut shells and carrot peels.

Over the past few decades, the growing concern regarding global warming and resource conservation associated with food wastage has persuaded both public and private organizations to take corrective measures to process waste in an eco-friendly manner. Use the above-mentioned strategies to effectively recycle food waste, diverting organic matter from the landfill and reducing the ensuing the GHG emissions.

Author: Rachel Oliver

Image credit: pixabay

Rinkesh

Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since 2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics. He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment around him.

Latest posts by Rinkesh (see all)

Air Pollution from New and Shutdown Industries, a Big Danger to Public Health


During the time when the Hurricane Harvey hit the coastal part of Texas last year, a lot of industrial companies had to close their operations before the storm reached and resurfaces itself once the rainfall and flooding subsided.

New and shutdown industries, as well as the damages caused by the storm, led to the release of air pollution around the city. Within that period of time, lots of information where gotten from Texas’ Air Emission Event Report Database indicated that about two thousand tons of greenhouse gases were released in these areas.

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However, the emission that came from the new and shutdown industry which are often referred to as “excess” or “upset” emissions are predominant anytime there are natural disasters, and such is the case with the Hurricane Harvey.

Moreover, in a new study that was published recently in the Journal of Environmental Science & Technology, the release of greenhouse gases often occur when these industries perform their activities with their facilities. Even though some of the releases of the gases are often unintended or inevitable, the gases released during these activities are in the violation of the U.S Clean Air Act (CAA).

When the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) revisited the rules pertaining these air pollutants, a new study shows that these gases are dangerous to public health and how they have not been thoroughly traced across the country or regulated comprehensively is still surprising.

The Increased Emissions in Texas

Texas as a city has been a victim of the increased air pollution which as posed lots of environmental threats to its citizens. Our research study inspects the excess emissions from the industrial facilities in Texas from 2012 to 2016. The reason why Texas is a case study and why we are focused on it is due to the fact that the city has brought lots of comprehensive reports. However, it is important to know that the state has lots of information concerning the release of greenhouses gases such as benzene that has caused detrimental effects on people.

Furthermore, the states are propelled to set limits when it comes to the emissions from industrial facilities based on their State Implementation Plan (SIP), which is a plan to meet the CAA requirements. Also, the EPA itself, readily ensures that every state’s SIP is drafted in accordance with the CIA.

The CAA requires that the facilities from industries need to be checked and maintained in order to limit the emissions of these dangerous gases into the atmosphere. Notwithstanding, excess emissions occur as a result of the decline of some facilities such as scrubbers, baghouses, or flares that help to decrease emissions.

Though we may think that happenings like these are rare, we have found that excess emissions in Texas are occurring very frequently, thus, affecting individuals in areas where the emissions unconstrained.

From the study, it has been discovered that 77,000 tons of excess emissions were released from natural gas liquid industries in 2004 to 2015, thus, signifying about 58% of the industry’s routine emissions for pollutants. Also, refineries released 23,000 tons of excess emissions, while oil and gas fields released 11,000 tons.

Outside of Texas

The reports we have stated in our study exposes the magnitude of the emissions of greenhouses. Although, it is important to also know that the study only captures the situation in Texas. However, when it comes to places beyond Texas, we know very little about the excess emissions at the national level and this is due to the fact that Texas is one of the few states that thoroughly track the progress of the emission of greenhouses.

The Increased Release of Greenhouse Gases are Under-regulated

It is important to note that the EPA made adequate efforts to curtail the problem of emissions during the last days of Obama administration.

Propelled by a lawsuit brought by the Sierra Club, the EPA issued a State Implementation Plan (SIP) call in 2015, requesting every state to limit the way greenhouse gases are emitted into the atmosphere. The agency discovered that some SIP provisions in 36 states were considered insufficient to meet the Clean Air Act (CAA) requirements. This implies that various industrial facilities may have been regularly surpassing the limit of their permitted pollution limits, because of these emissions.

However, the EPA is now taking a look back to its policy as part of the Trump administration’s broader efforts to revert many decisions made in past administration. Due to the magnitude and the adverse effects of the emissions of greenhouse gases, the EPA’s ultimate decision on how states should treat excess emissions is important.

With all of these in mind, there are more things to learn when it comes to the way greenhouses gases are emitted all over the world. However, if an effective regulatory structure is designated to decrease them, then it is vital that every state should begin to track the excess occurrence of the emission of greenhouse gases, by taking Texas as an example.

Rinkesh

Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since 2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics. He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment around him.

Latest posts by Rinkesh (see all)

2017 was the Hottest Year Without an El Niño : UN


The United Nations declared last Thursday that 2017 was the hottest year without an El Niño (i.e. an invasion of warm water into the Pacific ocean’s surface, off the coast of Peru and Ecuador, every 4 to 7 years; and usually affects both local and regional climate). The UN report was based on a consolidated analysis by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) of five leading international datasets.

It was said that of all the 18 hottest years experienced in the world, 17 of them were experienced this century. This may be attributed to the rising industrial civilization and the accompanying emission of greenhouse gases. The average surface temperature of the Earth due to these gases last year was about 1.1°C more than the usual average surface temperature.

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This figure is in line with the “1.5°C” barrier placed by the 2015 Paris climate agreement, to avoid dangerous climate conditions. President Donald Trump’s administration seems to be a threat to the Paris climate agreement. Seeing he stands for anti-environmental policies: publicly denies climate change and wants to promote the use of fossil fuels in the US, plans to invalidate the Clean Power Plan that limits power plant emissions and intends to withdraw the U.S. from the landmark climate accord.

On a normal scale, Earth’s global surface temperatures in 2017 ranked as the second warmest, since it became possible to have global estimates in 1880, according to a NASA analysis. Global temperatures in 2016 were the highest recorded so far; but this was influenced by El Niño, which is considered the warm phase of El Niño Southern Oscillation. Thus, without an El Niño event in 2016, 2017 would be the warmest year ever recorded, (NASA).

While the Earth warmed all over, weather dynamics do affect regional weather patterns. Therefore, various locations experience different amounts of warming. GISS Director, Gavin Schmidt, said to NASA, “Despite colder than average temperatures in any one part of the world, temperatures over the planet as a whole continue the rapid warming trend we’ve seen over the last 40 years.” The Arctic regions (which continued to experience a loss of sea ice in 2017) experience the strongest warming trends in the world, about two times the normal rate.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) scientists gathered a separate, independent analysis that shows a strong agreement with NASA’s report. However, the report concluded that 2017 was the third warmest year in their record. NASA (National aeronautics and space administration) and NOAA use different methods to analyze global temperatures, which played a role in the minor difference in rankings.

Both reports agreed that the five warmest years on record have all taken place since 2010. However, the two reports claim differently that 2017 was the second and third hottest year respectively. The NASA report reads: “NOAA scientists used much of the same raw temperature data, but with a different baseline period, and different methods to analyze Earth’s polar regions and global temperatures.”

Taalas expressed that the warmth in 2017 was accompanied by extreme weather conditions in many countries around the world.

“The United States of America had its most expensive year ever in terms of weather and climate disasters, whilst other countries saw their development slowed or reversed by tropical cyclones, floods and drought,” he said. NOAA noted earlier this month that weather and climate-related disasters cost a whooping $306 billion in 2017.

The NOAA agency listed several noteworthy events, including the wildfires in the west, with total costs of $18 billion, tripling the previous U.S. annual wildfire cost record. This year, the string of devastating hurricanes were also very expensive. Hurricane Harvey costs about $125 billion. Hurricanes Maria and Irma had total costs of $90 billion and $50 billion, respectively.

NASA scientists use measurements from 6,300 weather stations to track global temperatures. These stations include — Antarctic research stations; and ship- and buoy-based observations of sea-surface temperatures.

These raw measurements are analyzed using an algorithm that considers interference that could skew the conclusions. The global average temperature is deduced from these calculations, from deviations from the baseline period of 1951 to 1980, according to NASA. As weather stations keep changing locations, and methods of measurement keep evolving, there are uncertainties in the specific annual interpretations of the global mean temperature.

Therefore, NASA estimates that 2017’s global mean temperature change is accurate within 0.1°F, with a 95 percent confidence level. NASA is the agency that sets the 2017 temperature data and the complete methodology used to make the temperature calculations. Hence, the report obtained from them as to 2017 being the hottest year without an El Niño, is very reliable.

Reference:

Ecowatch

Rinkesh

Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since 2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics. He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment around him.

Latest posts by Rinkesh (see all)

Scientists Warn of Permanent drought for 25% of the Earth by 2050, If Paris Goals Are Not Reached


There are lots of research on climate change and these studies have stated the detrimental effects of man-made gases that are released into the atmosphere daily. However, a recent study on the ever-growing effects of global climate inaction has stated that almost every part of the earth could end up in a long-lasting state of drought if its temperature rises or warms up to 2ºC by 2050.

However, it is important to note that a top researcher in this study named Manoj Joshi has this to say, “The research envisages that desertification would increase about 20% or more on the land surface if the global temperature reaches 2ºC”. Nevertheless, this new study has been published in the journal, Nature.

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Today, climate change has been as a result of man-made activities, and researchers have linked and stated that the spread of extreme droughts has been as a result of human activities for many years. It has also been known that the only way to limit these effects is by avoiding the conditions that could result in climate change to a temperature of about 1.5ºC.

Furthermore, Dr. SU-Jong Jeong, a scientist in China’s University of Science and Technology has also concluded that “the temperature of the earth has warmed up by 1ºC but to keep global warming by 1.5ºC, is to decrease the emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, which may lead to the circumvention of aridification in many parts of the earth” this includes America, Africa, Australia, and Asia (which has almost 20% of the world’s population)

“It is important to know that aridification poses a serious risk to the earth because of its threat to vital areas such as biodiversity, farming, water quality, and so on”. Lead researcher and author at the Southern University and Technology in Shenzen, China, Chang-Eui Park, stated this in a recent news release. He has also indicated that aridification can also result in an increase in more droughts and wildfires in many parts of the world – related to those seen intense in California and its environs.

The recent research also concluded and showed that decreasing global warming to a 1.5ºC rise would prevent the spread of drought, and it is important to note that the rates of drought across the world today has already increased beyond human expectations. This is due to the fact that the temperature of the Earth has sporadically risen to 1ºC in global average temperature.

Scientists have taken a critical look at the probable occurrence of aridification for different levels of global warming, containing a 1.5ºC and 2ºC rise in the average temperature of the earth. Although, the Paris climate accord has been with lots of critics from environmentalists and scientists as not being adequate to the tasks of combating the problems associated with climate change which is already imposing lots of havoc across the world today. Nevertheless, the main objective of the Paris agreement is to decrease global warming to 2ºC by the end of the century. However, if we are to achieve this feat, “prompt measures” have to be taken to restrain the emergence of aridification.

The issue associated with the Paris agreement is that the U.S (which is the second largest emitter of carbon in the world) recently withdrew its support for the Paris accord under the governance of President Donald Trump. Meanwhile, President Trump has instead, moved to other directions stated by other scientists. Together with this, Trump has also increased his actions to gut adequate measures that have been put to place for environmental protection by the former administration during his first year in office, and it is vital to know that Trump is showing no signs of limiting his actions.

Furthermore, Trump has also stated last week of his enthusiasm of a warmer planet, when he tweeted that the United States “could use a little bit of that good old global warning” to fight the cold weather that is taking over other states in the east. In addition to this, he has shown that he is unaware of the discrepancy between weather and climate. Trump’s move to withdraw the U.S from the Paris climate accord has been criticized by lots of ecologists as “stupid and reckless”

The reckless decision has categorized Trump’s tactic to the environment, not only to the United States alone but also to the world – throughout his first year as the President of the United States. However, Trump’s tweet last week sparked lots of comments from environmentalists and analysts, but this is not the first tweet made by the American President on cold weather to suggest that the world should embrace climate crisis.

Moreover, David Sirota of the International Business Times has said that the president tweet should be preserved forever so that generations to come can know the reason why the American government didn’t take adequate measures to combat climate change.

Rinkesh

Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since 2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics. He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment around him. Follow him on Facebook here.

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25+ Spectacular Facts About the Amazon Rainforest


The Amazon Rainforest, also known as Amazonia, is located in South America and is the world’s largest tropical rainforest covering an area of 5,500,000 km2. Due to its large size, the Amazon forest covers a territory of nine nations with the biggest part of it in Brazil. The climate within the region is mainly tropical with hot, humid and very wet conditions.

The rainforest ecosystem is critically important for the well-being of the planet because it plays a highly significant role in stabilizing the world’s climate. The Amazon forest also provides home to many plants and animals and for this reason, it qualifies as a major tourist destination for the lovers of nature. These are just a few of the many facts about the Amazon Rainforest. Below are more than 25+ spectacular facts about the Amazon Rainforest.

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Fact 1: The Amazon rainforest covers over half of the world’s remaining rainforest. Amazon is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. Only 6% of the earth’s surface is covered by the rainforest and out of this, the Amazon rainforest covers over half of the world’s remaining rainforests.

Fact 2: It is located in a territory of nine countries. Amazon is located in a territory of nine nations including Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. Brazil takes the largest share of the rainforest, about 60%, while roughly 13% of it is in Peru and 10% of it is in Colombia.

Fact 3: The Amazon has a rich ecosystem. The Amazon is virtually unrivalled in scale and complexity of animal and plant species. It houses at least 10% of the world’s known biodiversity and is the home ground of more than 16,000 different species of trees, 2.5 million insect species, 40,000 plant species, 2,200 fish species, 1,300 bird species, 427 mammals, 430 amphibian species and 380 reptile species which have been classified just within the region.

Fact 4: Interestingly, a European by the name Francisco de Orellana is named after the Amazon for navigating the entire Amazon River. He gained recognition as the first explorer to traverse the Amazon River within the Amazon rainforest.

Fact 5: Deforestation is extensive in the rainforest. On aerial view, the Amazon rainforest is depleting at an astonishing rate because of extensive deforestation. Experts postulate that in the next forty years, the rainforest will be completely lost especially if action is not taken to address the problem. The rainforest is disappearing at a rate of 1.5 acres every second. The main reason for deforestation in the area is to clear the forest for cattle grazing and crop production.

Fact 6: A quarter of the western medicine pharmaceuticals used today has rainforest based ingredients that originate from the Amazon rainforest. Currently, over 120 drugs come from plant-derived sources and 70% of the plants identified as active against cancer cells come from the rainforest. It is even believed that the cure of cancer may be found in the Amazon rainforest.

Fact 7: The Amazon trees and plants provide more than 20% of the world’s oxygen. Considering the large size of the rainforest, it generates more than 20% of the globe’s oxygen and perhaps the reason it is known as the “lungs of the planet”. The vegetation in the Amazon continuously draws in and recycles carbon dioxide into oxygen and releasing it into the atmosphere, acting as a giant air machine.

Fact 8: There are about 50 indigenous tribes with their own language and culture living in the Amazon rainforest. The more than 50 indigenous communities in the Amazon have also never made contact with anyone outside the rainforest. Brazil’s Amazon is said to host the majority of the indigenous tribes. Most of the tribes are not settled in a specific location but rather move from one location to another often. They are nomadic hunters and gatherers.

Fact 9: The rainforest is home to very many dangerous animals. From poisonous reptiles to predatory creatures, the Amazon rainforest hosts numerous dangerous creatures. In fact, some the creatures, like the poison dart frog has enough venom that can kill up to 10 humans. The eight most dangerous Amazonian rainforest animals are the Green Anaconda, Poison dart frog, Brazilian wandering spider, the Jaguar, Electric Eel, South American Rattlesnake, Bullet Ant and the Red Bellied piranhas.

Fact 10: There are hundreds of endangered and threatened species of Amazon wildlife. About 137 species of the plants, animals and insects become extinct everyday through forces of destruction such as logging and cattle ranching, which have contributed to the loss of many acres of the rainforest. In the present day, anthropogenic activities in the Amazon rainforest threaten numerous species that at the verge of extinction.

Fact 11: The Amazon suffered a drought in the years 2005 and 2010. In 2005 and 2010, the Amazon rainforest experienced a significant drop in rainfall causing the Rio Negro Tributary to fall to its lowest level on record and the release of greenhouse gases from dead wood. The drought also resulted in very low stream flows and increased frequency of forest fires.

Fact 12: The Amazon River is the world’s largest river by volume. The Amazon rainforest hosts the Amazon River, which is the largest by volume and the second longest in length globally. The river has 17 tributaries draining 55 million gallons of water per second into the Atlantic Ocean, making it the largest in the quantity of water that it transports.

Fact 13: The floor of the Amazon forest is completely dark. The broad-leafy canopies of the Amazon trees block most of the sunlight. Only 1% of the light makes it to the floor. The broad-leaf canopies also slow down rainwater, making it take up to ten minutes to reach the ground.

Fact 14: One in five of all bird and fish species live in the Amazon. 10% of the world’s species live in the Amazon and 20% of the world’s known birds live in the Amazon. The Amazon is thus home to more species of plants and animals than any other terrestrial ecosystem on the planet. It is believed that the ants found in a single bush within the Amazon can be more than the entire British Isles.

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Fact 15: Agricultural activities are not sustainable in the rainforest. The region most has infertile soils that cannot support crops for a long period of time. It is the reason those living in the rainforest have to move often. The soils are notoriously thin and poor in nutrients. Surprisingly, rich rainforests grow on the soils even though they are low in mineral content.

Fact 16: The Amazon River once flowed West ward. A long time ago, the river once flowed east-to-west, but due to the continental drift, it created a raised highland along the east coast of South America, which tilted the Amazon flow, sending water and sediments rushing towards the center of the continent.

Fact 17: The toucan is the loudest creature in the Amazon. It is a brilliantly colored arboreal fruit-eating bird, which aids to give it camouflage in the tropical rainforest.

Fact 18: A three degrees rise in temperature will destroy 75% of the Amazon rainforest. Climate change experts warn that global temperature increases will kill the rainforest within 100 years. The impacts of the temperature rise cannot be seen now but it will surely affect the rainforests in years to come.

Fact 19: The Amazon depends on a continuous supply of dust containing phosphorous for fertilization. The phosphorus dust is blown from the Sahara Desert over the Atlantic Ocean by wind. Strong winds sweeping across the Sahara help in the process. Phosphorous is an essential nutrient that acts like a fertilizer which the Amazon depends on to flourish.

Fact 20: Martin Strel holds the Guinness World Record for swimming the entire length of 5,268 m of the Amazon River for 66 days. He was the first man to swim the entire length of the Amazon River from headwaters in Peru to the Brazilian port city of Belem.

Fact 21: Efforts to curb deforestation in the Amazon have been difficult. Actions to address the deforestation problem have been difficult over the years until recently when laws and stricter policies were put in place to protect the forest from deforestation. Conservation policies, improved law enforcement and new protected areas have played a significant role.

Fact 22: In the past years, the Amazon has suffered a loss of approximately 20% of its size due to the cutting down of trees. All of it started with the controversial Trans-Amazonian Highway, which created room logging and more destructive actions such as illegal hunting of wildlife and clearing of interior forest areas for farming and settling squatters.

Fact 23: The Kapok tree is the tallest in the Amazon. The tree can grow to lengths of 200 ft towering over the other rainforest vegetation.

Fact 24: More than 80% of the types of food the globe consumes have its origin in the Amazon rainforest. More than 3000 fruit types that grow in the rainforest are edible. They include avocados, coconuts, oranges, lemons, grapefruits, pineapples, and mangoes. A variety of vegetables and spices were also originally found in the rainforest.

Fact 25: The biodiversity of plant species in the Amazon is the greatest in the world. Every one hectare (2.47acres) contains 750 types of tree species and 1500 types of plant species.

Fact 26: The Amazon rainforest acts as a carbon sink. Because of its vastness, the Amazon rainforest absorbs and stores carbon dioxide. The rainforest therefore plays a crucial role in maintaining the global carbon levels.

Image credit: skitter , pixabay

Rinkesh

Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since 2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics. He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment around him.

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The Journey to Limelight of Electrically Powered Vehicles in the US


The use of electricity to power vehicles in the world can be dated back to as far as the 19th century. A lot of people made tremendous contributions to the development of this kind of vehicle. Around this time, there were other means of powering vehicles which include the use of steam and fuel (coal, gasoline, etc.) which have gained prominence in the world today. The electric cars at this time were very slow and they could only work for a limited time due to the capacity of the batteries used at that time. Some could only travel a few miles and a few hours.

Before its acceptance in the US, it was already widespread in the UK and in France with so much improvement because better durable batteries were made and its speed had improved. It was until about 15 years after that the US accepted it. The first in the US was by William Morrison. It was 6-carriaged, with a speed of about 14 mph in 1890. By 1897, through the “Electric Vehicle Company,” the electric car had started to gain prominence in the US as it was used as cabs in New York, with about 62 electric cabs during that period.

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Because of some limitations in the batteries used at that time, i.e., early 20th century, the top speed of these early electric vehicles was limited to about 20 mph; but, it still earned the consumers’ preference because of some advantages it had over the other vehicles. It didn’t have vibrations, bad smell and an awful noise as can be attributed to gasoline cars.

They were also very easy to operate and they didn’t require much to start up, unlike their competitors – steam vehicles which usually took about 45 minutes to start up on cold mornings; and gasoline cars which featured a hand crank to start the engine. Because of the ease of operation of Electric cars, it was accepted widely by women in the US and was even tagged the women’s car.

When power supply became better 1912, there came a surge in the popularity of electric cars so much that it grew to a 38% use among all other types of vehicles. A total of about 34,000 electric cars were registered in the US. In the early 1920’s, the electric cars in the US began to suffer a rapid decline in its use, owing to some factors highlighted below:

  • Good road infrastructures which now required vehicles that could travel faster and for longer periods. Electric cars couldn’t stand this test as they were slow with their maximum speed of about 20 mph, and they couldn’t travel more than 60 miles or thereabout.
  • The discovery of large oil reserves in the world made fuel readily available and cheap. It now became a cheaper means to power vehicle using fuels which could even travel faster and longer.
  • Gasoline cars became even easier to operate. The hand crank which was a difficult way of starting fuelled-vehicles was replaced with an electric starter by Charles Kettering; and the noise from ICE cars became more tolerable as mufflers were used, which Percy Maxim had invented in 1897.
  • The mass production of fuelled-vehicles by Henry Ford during that period made the price of gasoline cars affordable, up to half the price of electric cars.

Consequently, these led to a drop in the demand for electric cars, leading to many of such companies being closed or converted. Only a few electric vehicles such as the milk floats in the US were still functioning.

Looking through these facts, it would seem as though electric cars would never gain prominence again in the US and even in the world at large. But, nature has its way of recycling, bringing old methods to limelight. Such is the case of the electric cars in the US today. The recent problem of global warming, a result of greenhouse gases from fuel combustion, has called the attention of the world to save our crashing Earth. One way this would be achieved is by curbing the use of fuelled-vehicles.

The US has from the 1990’s, made remarkable advancements in the design and improvement of electric cars. During this period, the California Air Resources Board (CARB), began an advocacy for more fuel-efficient, lower-emissions vehicles, with the ultimate goal being a move to zero-emissions vehicles such as electric vehicles.

From December 2016’s analysis, about 2 million electric vehicles are used all around the world, an amount of 0.2% in comparison with non-electric vehicles. America recorded an amount of 570,000 electric cars. It is said that US citizens want zero or low-emission vehicles, and it is only a matter of time for electric cars to gain prominence again, may be permanently this time.

Rinkesh

Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since 2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics. He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment around him.

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Recent Climate Study: Severe Forecasts on Global Warming Could Be Accurate


Reports on global warming are not new all over the world today and events that contribute to climate change include the burning of fossil fuels to foster the growth of our economy. It has also been discovered that by 2100, the earth will be 15% warmer than it should. Also, the growth of indecision of disconsolate projections has been narrowed also. However, it is important to note that lots of climate models have been made so far and these models project that the amount of climate change in this century is the ones that support current observations.

Furthermore, the use of climate models is to project how much warming is taking place and what we should expect when there is an increase in the concentration of gases like CO2 ( Carbon dioxide) and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

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Recent research has affirmed that the uncertainty of global warming is narrow, which means that the future looks dire for us.

Climate researchers who have worked on global warming had already proposed that there is a 62% chance of the earth becoming warmer on average by more than 4 degrees Celsius if there are no policies or measures to control the emissions of greenhouse gases. With a recent climate study, the uncertainty of global warming has been narrowed and it is now estimated that by 2100, there will be a 93% chance that global warming will exceed 4 degrees Celsius.

Moreover, many nations of the world had a meeting in Paris in 2015 and they made a joint decision to curb the rise of global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius; even at this temperature, the state of global warming can still pose a great danger to the earth. However, one degree higher to this temperature is cataclysmic. And an increase above 5 degrees Celsius could pose a total change to the world or may even end it.

It is also important to note that two United State researchers made a report in the journal Nature. They made use of several climate models for the projections which were proposed by the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and they also aligned the reasons against some opinions that were made.

In the report also, a detailed look was done on the differences in seasonal and monthly climate, the utilization of energy, the emissions of greenhouse gases, and how they affect temperatures. Furthermore, there have also been some contentions about how accurate these climate models work and how they can be used to forecast the world’s climate in the next centuries to come. With this, it has been affirmed that the future looks dire for us if nothing is done on global warming.

A researcher from the Stanford University of California has said that with the results gotten by them, it does not make sense to discard the forecasts made on global warming probably due to the fact that the models used are imperfect in their imitation to the way the climate looks now.

More truths

Researchers from the Stanford University of California have proposed that they are trying to show that the faults of the climate model can be used to discard predictions that are not severe. They have also stated that their results which were gotten by them suggest that if the world is to achieve a total stabilization of global temperature, then there is a need for a drastic decrease in the emissions of greenhouse gases that were previously envisaged.

With these statements and affirmations, it has been known that the use of climate models are essential as the use of climate data itself and that the basis of uncertainty could be the effect of warming. This means that there will be more evaporation to a warmer earth; which implies that the warmth of the earth is captured in the atmosphere which could cause an increase in the radiation of the sun.

For many years now, lots of research have been done in order measure with accuracy, the links between the emissions of greenhouse gases from the combustion of coal, natural gas, and oil, and the change in the temperature of the earth.

Modest indication

A researcher in Carnegie by name Ken Caldeira has estimated the way in which Carbon dioxide causes global warming in the earth and the way in which greenhouse gases can warm the earth for a long period of time.

However, recent conclusions solely rely on modest indications which is the precision with which climate models can be used to envisage the future of the earth when it comes to climate change.

Ken Caldeira has praised the use of these models that simulate today’s comments and he has also said that these models may be the most reliable forecast for the future of the earth.

Finally, based on a recent research, it has been confirmed that if there are no adequate policies put in place concerning the emissions of greenhouse gases, there is a high chance that global warming will surpass 4 degrees Celsius by the end of this century, which indicates grave danger on the future of the earth.

Rinkesh

Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since 2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics. He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment around him.

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Electric Cars Are Now Cheaper to Own Than Petrol Cars


It wasn’t too long ago that electric cars were considered a dream of the future, unattainable by most working class citizens. But according to new research, this may no longer be the case.

In countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and Japan, electric cars have become much more cost-effective to use and own, especially in the long-term, as found by this study. In the United States, research was conducted in Texas and California, while the study encompassed all of the other two aforementioned countries.

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This information comes at the same time as a rapid rise in the sales of electric cars in occurring, and the researchers find it fair to theorize that this is a direct result of the lower costs. Currently, the low prices is assisted by government support, though electric cars are still expected to naturally become the most inexpensive option in the near future.

The study in question was conducted by Kate Palmer, James E. Tate, Zia Wadud, and John Nellthor at the University of Leeds, UK, and it involved recording and analyzing the entirety of the cost of owning a car over the course of four years. This included all details involved with purchasing, using, and maintaining a car, including original price, fuel consumption, maintenance costs, and taxation and insurance fees.

Cars that ran entirely on electricity had the lowest fuel costs of all car options, as charging the car is much more low cost than filling up with gas, diesel, or petrol. The simpler and easier to maintain engines incurred lower maintenance costs thanks to their extra functions, which includes eliminating the need for brake pad replacements as the engine assists in braking the car on its own. In fact, in the UK, running and owning an electric car was 10% less expensive than doing the same for a petrol car as of 2015.

Meanwhile, hybrid cars did not follow in this fashion. Due to an inability to plug in and charge, they were often actually more expensive than their petrol counterparts. Hybrids that can be plugged in actually were even more expensive to own, especially when it came to the initial purchase, as buyers would basically need to pay for two engines, doubling the price. (It is worth noting that this is not the case in Japan as plug-in hybrids in that country have more subsidies.)

The researches, in a statement led by James Tate, expressed feelings of encouragement as his team predicts that purely electric cars will become even more inexpensive in the future, with car battery costs for this kind of vehicle lowering in the coming years. This is in spirit of sales subsidies, which are about $6,750 in the UK and $8,780 in Japan at this moment, but are predicted to slowly fall. The researchers estimated that by the year 2025, an electric car may be just as inexpensive to buy, own, and use as a petrol car – though some companies, like Renault, estimate that this will happen before that in the 2020’s.

Sales of electric cars have had a significant increase in recent years. For example, in the UK, the rise is as much as 37%, while diesel automobile vehicles have dropped by 30%. This is in lieu with increased concerns regarding air pollution, especially from vehicles and cars that use diesel gas. In fact, at the rate they’re going, electric cars – which do not produce nearly as much carbon emissions that contribute to global warming – could outsell diesel vehicles by May 2019. This is according to Matt Finch, an analyst at the United Kingdom Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit.

The push to roll out electric cars, which produce less climate-warming carbon emissions, has been supercharged by concerns over air pollution, particularly from diesel cars. In the UK, where toxic air is at illegal levels in most urban areas, sales of diesel vehicles have plummeted by 30% in the last year while sales of electric cars, which produce 50% less greenhouse gases than petrol cars, have soared by 37%.

Currently, however, demand for electric cars is far greater than the supply manufactured. The main issue behind this has been suggested to be due to the fact that there are good electric cars prices at the low and high ends, but none in the medium price range, where most families who which to purchase family cars will be turning their attention.

Meanwhile, concerns regarding the worsening state of the environment and air pollution continue to rise around the world, particularly in China, which has the largest market of electronic cars worldwide that continues to grow day by day. The rest of the world has yet to catch up, as petrol companies and traditional fuel car manufacturers continue to push to make their own products and sales.

This may come with some unfavorable downsides, as governments may begin to tax electric cars when petrol and fuel sales start to drop, according to Steve Gooding, the director of the Royal Automobile Club Foundation for Motoring Ltd. The transition to more electric cars would also require more public chargers, which good charging speeds and powers that can match up to the needs of users.

Rinkesh

Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since 2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics. He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment around him.

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